Cuba after the Spanish American War,

Taiwan after WWII

Points of Comparison

by Richard W. Hartzell

Basic Parameters

Cuba   ITEM    Taiwan    notes
 Cuba  location  Formosa and the Pescadores  
 less than 1 million  population  in excess of 5 million  
 Spanish American War  war  WWII  
 Spain  enemy  Japan  
 USA  victorious country  USA  
 yes  "cession by conquest"  yes  
 USA  primary military forces in theatre  USA
 USA  nationality of Supreme Commander  USA  
 1898.07.17 in Cuba  date of surrender of enemy forces  1945.10.25 in Taiwan  
 interim status  status under military occupation  interim status  

Period of belligerent occupation

Cuba   ITEM    Taiwan    notes
 1898.07.17 to 1899.02.06  dates of belligerent occupation  1945.10.25 to 1952.04.28  
 independent customs area under USMG  status after surrender of enemy troops and during period of belligerent occupation  ----------> should be considered as an independent customs area under USMG
 no  transfer of sovereignty  no  
 USA flag  flag flown during period of belligerent occupation  ----------> according to international law, should be USA flag
 to USA  allegiance of local populace during period of belligerent occupation  ----------> according to international law, should be to USA
 USMG  principal occupying power  USMG administrative authority for the occupation of Formosa and the Pescadores was delegated to ROC military forces
 yes  sovereignty held in trust by USMG  yes  

 

Period of friendly occupation, (also called "civil affairs administration of a military government")

Cuba   ITEM    Taiwan    notes
 1899.02.06 to 1902.05.20  dates of friendly occupation  1952.04.28 to <today>-  
 Treaty of Paris  Peace treaty  San Francisco Peace Treaty  
 1899.02.06  coming into effect of the peace treaty  1952.04.28  
 yes  "limbo cession" by peace treaty  yes  
 no  transfer of sovereignty at coming into force of peace treaty  no  
 yes  under international law, occupation continues after coming into force of the peace treaty  yes  
 USMG  principal occupying power  USMG administrative authority for the occupation was delegated to ROC military forces
 unincorporated territory under USMG  international status during period of friendly occupation, which is the "civil affairs administration of a military government"  ----------> according to the US Constitution, Taiwan is fully qualified to be unincorporated territory under USMG
 USA flag  flag flown during "interim status" civil affairs administration of military government  ----------> should be USA flag
 to USA  allegiance of local populace during "interim status" civil affairs administration of military government  ----------> should be to USA
 yes  sovereignty held in trust by USMG  yes
 USA nationality  High Commissioner  ----------> a USA nationality civilian high commissioner should be appointed
yes  island citizens have fundamental rights under the US Constitution  ----------> Taiwan people are entitled to these rights

 

Final status

Cuba   ITEM    Taiwan    notes
 1902.05.20  end of United States Military Government  (none announced)
 yes  final status achieved?  not yet
 Republic of Cuba  final status determination  ----------> remains in "interim status" under USMG

Conclusion: Taiwan is undetermined, unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States Military Government, and currently in "interim status."


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